Do you love hashtags?
I confess my love of hashtags!
Hashtags simplify communication. By using hashtags it is totally convenient to share ideas with an economy of words. I could have written this entire paragraph with the following:
#lovehashtags #convenient #shoutouttootherhashtaglovers
Trending on Twitter
Hashtags also make it easy to find social media users who share common interests and who are talking about what you’re talking about. You can even make new Christian friends throughout the world by joining chat groups such as #GodsPraiseRoom #GodsLoveChat #BodyLife and many more. #SoUplifting #AsIronSharpensIron
It’s really fun (most of the time) to look on Twitter to see what’s trending—a news story, an athlete in trouble, politics, etc. And lots of times it’s something humorous.
One weekend #MakeAMovieCatholic was trending. I couldn’t stop reading these clever twists on movie titles mixed with words related to faith in general, as well as those specific to the Catholic Church. I must share the joy, which is sure to put a smile on your face:
Honey, I Baptized the Kids
The Color Papal
One Flew Over the Crucifix
Return of the Magi
A Room With a Pew
Catch Me If You Vatican
Fasting and Furious
Jesus: Portrait of a Serial Healer
Thou Shalt Not Kill a Mockingbird
He’s Just Not That Into Eucharist
Guess Who’s Coming To The Last Supper
Catechism On a Hot Tin Roof (this made me LOL)
The Youth Ministry Pancake Breakfast Club
These are only a few! And, of course, I couldn’t resist–here are some I submitted:
Silence of the Lamb of God
Broke Bread Mountain
Don’t Tell Mom the Babysitter is a Protestant
Honestly, I LOL’d at the last one. (Maybe you had to be there.)
God’s Mysterious (and Surprising) Ways of Bringing Unity and Joy to the Church
Here is what fascinates me about all of this—Catholics (and at least one Protestant) from all over the globe were inserting words related to their faith into movie titles and tweeting them with #MakeAMovieCatholic (hashtag) and having a great time! What unity! What joy! What an extraordinary picture of the church of Jesus Christ.
And although the coming together of Catholic tweeters, outside of mass or a wedding, represents a captivating characteristic of the power of #hashtags, it is only one way that #hashtags manifest themselves in society.
The Power of #hashtags
Think about it. Being able to explain, categorize, add context, connect groups, or create communities through a tweet, post, or share by #stringingafewwordstogether is an incredible concept.
And, #hashtag usage has gone way beyond social media. People use #hashtags in email, written notes, blogs, and even verbal communication in movies, TV shows, and everyday life. Not to mention they frequently appear on notepads, pencil boxes, etc. Even hashtag post-it notes. #gotpinkandyellowones
So Where Do Greek Compound Words Fit Into All Of This?
Well, this is going to sound very much like the dad from “My Big Fat Greek Wedding” or should I say “My Big Fat Catholic Wedding”? #MakeAMovieCatholic.
According to me, an early form of #hashtag usage can be traced back to the Greek language. The Greeks would string words together to form new words. Not just any ole new word, but one that embodied the situation that the word—as a series of written letters on a page—represented. By using two existing words to make one new word, the new word took on extended layers of meaning. Not different meanings, but multiple layers of meaning.
Think of it as peeling an onion. It is one onion. But you peel back one layer, then another, then another… Each time something a little bit different is revealed, but it is still the same onion.
You may be thinking that English also uses lots of compound words. #nobigdeal #yawnhohum. That is true. #impatientreader #givemeaminute
Do These Compounds Remind You of Elementary School?
Okay, for some of you, the last one “snailmail” was probably not invented yet. But you get the point about compounds, right?
Compound Words In Koiné Greek
The pictures above represent familiar English language compound words. Whereas English has a lot of compound nouns, the majority of Koiné Greek compound words are verbs plus a preposition, though they are also constructed with other parts of speech.
Greek compound verbs are constructed as follows:
- Preposition + Verb
- Adjective + Verb
- Preposition + Noun
The #hashtag Effect
Greek compound words are really cool because they offer a lot of insight into the language. And I am calling this insight “the #hashtag effect”.
For example, in English, “star” is one thing, “fish” is another. “Starfish” doesn’t really have anything to do with a humongous sphere of burning gases or a fish with fins. But, then again, it sort of does. Putting the two words together forms a unique meaning, yet the meaning of the two original words are echoed in the new meaning—the symbolic shape of a star plus a water-dwelling creature.
It’s the same with Greek (in most instances). Sometimes the meaning of the individual parts of the word won’t change that much. But many times, they enhance each other and the meaning changes ever so slightly—and this is where coolness occurs. The ever-so-slightly adjusted meaning is used to create a new word with a deeper, richer meaning. A vernacular #hashtag to convey what the author intends to communicate.
Insight Into an Author’s Multi-Layered Message
Studying the compound word helps determine its best interpretation in the passage being studied. Studying the pieces and parts of the compound word can also provide insight and understanding to the word’s meaning. Likewise the passage where the word is used. All of this together helps in determining what the author intended his audience to understand. And this is the importance of original language word studies in the larger realm of bible study—finding the meaning of the word in its context.
The post “What Did Paul Mean by Rightly Dividing?” points out that the Greek word translated “rightly dividing” is a compound verb.
- ortho– straight, right, correct
- tomeo– cut
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 2 Timothy 2:15 (KJV)
This example of a Greek compound word helps us to understand the multi-layered meaning (not multiple meaning, but multi-layered meaning) of what Paul is communicating in 2 Timothy 2:15.
Taken in context, the individual parts of the word, and of course the compound itself, represents Paul’s propensity to “say a lot with a little” at its very best. In other words:
Paul would have been all over #hashtags!
NOW… Here comes the really fun part.
You are going to play…
“Guess the Compound Word”
Try and guess a familiar compound word used in the Bible that two words make up (all in English). Just a couple of things first:
1) don’t worry if you get an incorrect answer, it doesn’t mean you aren’t capable of learning Greek; the purpose of this is to expose you to compound words. There will be plenty of opportunities on future RDRD posts to get comfy with Greek.
2) if you are like me, when you miss a question, you think about it more. So if you do get an incorrect answer, congrats! You are not only learning the Greek language, you are forging new brain pathways where Koiné Greek will travel. One of the best ways to learn anything is by contrast. So, in the case of a missed answer, contrast the given answer with your answer.
Here is an explanation of the columns in the table below:
- Preposition or Other– First part of compound word
- Verb or Other– Second part of compound word
- NT Word– the word you are going to guess
- Example Using Compound– use(s) of the NT Word
- Read the meaning of the first two words
- Try to guess the NT Word derived from putting these two words together
- If you need a hint, read the passage(s) in “Example of Use”
- Click on “Click For Answer” for the answer, but promise to guess first.
- If you are on a mobile device, there is a scroll bar at the bottom.
Ready to test your Koiné Greek Compound savvy?!?
|#||Preposition* or Other**||Verb or Other**||NT Word||Example Using Compound|
|1||ortho = straight, right, correct (adj)||tomeo = cut||Click for answer||2 Timothy 2:15 (only used in the NT)|
|2||peri = around, about, near, round about; (hint for this one: when referring to a body part, of that part around which something goes); as in perimeter||tomeo = cut||Click for answer||Luke 1:59; John 7:22; Acts 15:5|
|3||peri = see #2||pipto = fall||Click for answer||Luke 10:30; Acts 27:41; James 1:2|
|4||epi = on, upon, on the surface of; as in epidermis||pipto = fall||Click for answer||Mark 3:10; Luke 1:12; Luke 15:20; Acts 10:44|
|5||epi = see #4||kalupto = cause to be covered; cause something not to be known, conceal, keep secret||Click for answer||Romans 4:7|
|6||apo = separation from, away from||kalupto = see #5||Click for answer||Matt. 10:26, 11:25; Luke 17:30; Romans 1:17-18|
|7||apo = see #6||dokimazo = put to the test, examine, prove; result of test as approved||Click for answer||Matt. 21:42; Hebrews 12:17|
|8||apo = see #6||krino = to judge||Click for answer||Luke 4:4; Matt. 12:39|
|9||ana = up, up to, upward, back, again, between||krino = to judge||Click for answer||Luke 23:14; Acts 4:9, 12:19; 1 Cor. 2:14|
|10||ana = see #9||stasis (noun) = 'standing' as in continuance of an old order, unchanged; or “take a stand” as in moving toward a new state of affairs, uprising, revolt||Click for answer||Matt. 22:23; Luke 20:36|
|11||ex = out, out of, from, away from||poreuomai = to go, proceed, travel||Click for answer||Matt. 3:5, 4:4; Acts 9:28, 19:12|
|12||eis = in, into||poreuomai = see #11||Click for answer||Mark 1:21; Luke 8:16; Acts 3:2|
*Greek prepositions have multiple meanings. A particular meaning is based on context and on how the preposition is used in a sentence. In the above examples, I am using the translation that most closely represents the meaning associated with the compound’s use in the example. #boringgrammarstuff
**Most of the words in this column are prepositions. If the word is something other than a preposition, it will be noted by (adj) or (noun) etc.
How Did You Do? Amazing, for sure!
You may be thinking all of this is Greek to you, or is too hard for you, or that you don’t know Greek, etc. Please don’t think that. Be encouraged about learning Greek (and Hebrew). It’s for the glory of the Kingdom! Besides, none of this needs to be memorized, etc. Just know that Greek compound words exist.
The Bottom Line of #hashtags of the Greek Language is this:
- The majority of Koiné Greek compound words are made up of a preposition + a verb, though other parts of speech are sometimes used to form compounds as well.
- When doing a Greek Word Study of a compound word, you will study:
- The compound word itself
- Each word that makes up the compound
Just think of Greek compounds as #hashtags. Saying a lot with a little. #yougotit #GreekRocks #BibleStudy
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. 2 Corinthians 13:14